Skip to main content

Referencing: Parts of a citation

This guide will help you identify and use the correct referencing style to ensure clear & consistent presentation of written material.

What do references look like?

What do references look like?

There are normally two parts to a reference:

In-text citations - these go in the actual body of the text. The examples below show in-text citations for the APA, Vancouver, Harvard, MLA and Chicago styles. 

Each in-text citation refers to a full reference in the reference list on the right.

You wouldn't highlight them like this when you do this for real.

The reference list - This is a list of the full references. It appears on a separate sheet at the end of your assignment.

Understanding citation styles

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country