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WS1006 Self in Professional Helping Guide: 5. Models of Reflection

This guide will help WS1006 students complete subject assessment tasks
There are many models of reflection that you can use. These are just some examples.

Rolfe's reflective model

Johns' model for structured reflection

Looking in

  • Find a space to focus on self
  • Pay attention to your thoughts and emotions
  • Write down those thoughts and emotions that seem significant in realising desirable work.

Looking out

  • Write a description of the situation surrounding your thoughts and feelings.
  • What issues seem significant?


  • What was I trying to achieve?
  • Why did I respond as I did?
  • What were the consequences of that for the patient/others/myself?
  • How were others feeling?
  • How did I know this?


  • Why did I feel the way I did within this situation?


  • Did I act for the best? (ethical mapping)
  • What factors (either embodied within me or embedded within the environment) were influencing me?


  • What knowledge did or could have informed me?


  • Does this situation connect with previous experiences?
  • How could I handle this situation better?
  • What would be the consequences of alternative actions for the patient/others/myself?
  • How do I now feel about this experience?
  • Can I support myself and others better as a consequence?
  • How available am I to work with patients/families and staff to help them meet their needs?

Gibbs' reflective cycle

This model will assit you to think through each phase of your learning activity. Use each of these headings to structure your reflections.

Gibbs' reflective cycle

Image source: About Gibbs reflective cycle, Oxford Brooks University

Kaufman's doing sociology model

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country