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There are many models of reflection that you can use. These are just some examples.
Johns' model for structured reflection
- Find a space to focus on self
- Pay attention to your thoughts and emotions
- Write down those thoughts and emotions that seem significant in realising desirable work.
- Write a description of the situation surrounding your thoughts and feelings.
- What issues seem significant?
- What was I trying to achieve?
- Why did I respond as I did?
- What were the consequences of that for the patient/others/myself?
- How were others feeling?
- How did I know this?
- Why did I feel the way I did within this situation?
- Did I act for the best? (ethical mapping)
- What factors (either embodied within me or embedded within the environment) were influencing me?
- What knowledge did or could have informed me?
- Does this situation connect with previous experiences?
- How could I handle this situation better?
- What would be the consequences of alternative actions for the patient/others/myself?
- How do I now feel about this experience?
- Can I support myself and others better as a consequence?
- How available am I to work with patients/families and staff to help them meet their needs?
Kaufman's doing sociology model
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