Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA (6th Edition) Referencing Guide

Referencing Guide based on the 6th Edition of APA style

Is it a book?

Are you sure you should be citing the whole book, and not a chapter in the book? Check the page on Books and book chapters.

If you have a custom textbook created for your subject, look at the section on Custom Textbooks and Books of Readings.

Standard book pattern

Print book:


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title in sentence case: Subtitle (edition, if not the first). City, State Abbreviation (if in US) or City, Country of publication (non-US): Publisher.


Bach, S., & Grant, A. (2015). Communication and interpersonal skills in nursing (3rd ed.). London, England: Learning Matters.

Fenton-Smith, B., Humphreys, P., & Walkinshaw, I. (2017). English medium instruction in higher education in Asia-Pacific: From policy to pedagogy. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.

Gould, J. (Illustrator), & Rutgers, A. (Writer). (ca. 1967). Birds of Australia (Vol. 2). London, England: Methuen.

Winfree, L. T., & Abadinsky, H. (2010). Understanding crime: Essentials of criminological theory (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.



Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title in sentence case: Subtitle [E-reader version, if applicable] (edition, if not the first). Retrieved from URL of eBook platform OR doi:xx.xxxxx/xxxx


Baughan, J., & Smith, A. (2013). Compassion, caring and communication: Skills for nursing practice [Ebook Central version] (2nd ed.). Retrieved from

McIlwraith, C. W., Nixon, A. J., & Wright, I. M. (2015). Diagnostic and surgical arthroscopy in the horse [ScienceDirect version] (4th ed.). doi:10.1016/B978-0-7234-3693-5.01001-8

How many authors? Remember, there are rules for how to set out a reference, depending on the number of authors.


  • You only include an edition number if it is not the first edition. If you have a multivolume work, the volume number goes in the same brackets as the edition number: (3rd ed., Vol. 4).
  • Are you trying to cite a section of a custom textbook? Custom textbooks are works that have been compiled for a particular course or cohort, and the chapters may have originally come from a variety of sources. Please see the section on Custom Textbooks under Class Handouts and Lectures.

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

Creative Commons Licence
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.