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APA (6th Edition) Referencing Guide

Referencing Guide based on the 6th Edition of APA style

Is it a Web Page, or a Web Document?

APA has slightly different rules for web content depending on the format.

If you are referring to a "normal" page on a web site (like the page you are looking at right now), you do not put the title of the page into italics.

For example:

James Cook University. (2013). Library use policy. Retrieved from

If you are citing a document (such as a PDF, Excel file, PowerPoint, Word document, etc) that can be downloaded from a web site, then you put the title in italics.

For example:

The Learning Centre. (n.d.). Proofreading. Retrieved from

Using EndNote? See the note on the Information for EndNote Users page to find out how to make the italics work for a Web document.

Web Pages and Documents

Pattern for Web Page:


Author, A. A. (year). Title of web page. Retrieved from URL


Australian College of Nurse Practitioners. (2013). About nurse practitioners. Retrieved from

Queensland Health. (2013). Health consumer information. Retrieved from

Waratah Wynyard Council. (n.d.). Location of public toilets. Retrieved from

Pattern for Document from the Web (note the title is in italics):

Format Author, A. A. (year). Title of document. Retrieved from URL

American Psychiatric Association. (2012). How to write an APA style reference when information is missing. Retrieved from

Extensive Reading Foundation. (2011). The Extensive Reading Foundation's guide to extensive reading. Retrieved from

Queensland Health. (2013). Food safety fact sheet 51: Food allergies. Retrieved from

How many authors? Remember, there are rules for how to set out a reference, depending on the number of authors

Refering to entire websites

If you are taking information from the website or web document, then you must cite the information as per the instructions given above.

However, if you are simply referring to the fact that the website exists, then you include the URL for the home page in text, and you do not include an entry in your reference list.

For example:

Queensland Health maintains a website which offers advice on clinical practice ( that can be a good resource for health workers.

Please note: This is only done when you are not using any information from the site. If you are not sure whether you can simply give the URL in text, or if you should cite the web resource with a proper in-text citation and an entry in your reference list, ask your librarian for assistance.

How to reference web content using APA 7th

Reference web content using APA7th animation

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

Creative Commons Licence
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.