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NS2015 Law & Ethics for Nursing & Midwifery: Developing your search

Steps to Searching

Six Steps

Assessment task 1: Keywords

Scenario

Mrs. Barcroft is a 79 year old widower with multiple health problems who lives alone. Her daughter is concerned about a recent deterioration in her mother’s mental status. Mrs. Barcroft has been admitted to hospital with a diagnosed chest infection, has reportedly been incontinent of urine, and appears to have an infected ulcer on her right ankle. Staff also noted she seemed quite confused. You have been assigned to care for this lady, together with a Registered Nurse. In the morning, you both approach Mrs. Barcroft to get her out of bed for a shower, and plan to dress her ulcerated ankle afterwards. She reacts by loudly calling out and swearing at both you and the RN, who responds loudly saying “You have wet the bed and must come for a shower”. The nurse throws back the bedclothes, grabs Mrs. Barcroft by the arm and attempts to swing her legs out of the bed. In doing so, she bumps her ulcerated ankle, causing her to cry out in pain, lash out and strike the nurse in the face. This is the assignment context.

The nurse yells “How dare you!” and slaps Mrs. Barcroft sharply on the arm, before storming off angrily stating “Wait until I report this, you’ll be sorry.” You are left alone with Mrs. Barcroft, who tearily asks, “You’re not going to hit me too are you?”This is the assignment context.

Task

Drawing upon components of the C.A.R.E.R. framework, and one of the one of the four principal elementsThis is a term you will need to investigate to find the keywords to search. within either the ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses or the ICM Code of Ethics for Midwives, discussThis is a task word, telling you what to do how the care of Mrs. Barcroft by the RN fell below the standard required. In your discussion, also include reference to This is a task word, telling you what to relevant sections of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights (2nd Edition).

A minimum of 5 peer-reviewed referencesThis limits the type of results you can use. (i.e. journal articles or textbooks) must be used to support your discussion. This is a formal academic essay and should be written in the third person, in continuous prose.

Additional keywords found through investigation:

  • people
  • practice
  • profession / professional
  • co-workers
  • relationships
  • knowledge

Identifying synonoyms

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Assessment task 1: Synonyms

Here are some keywords and synonyms to get you started. Note that this is just a starting point so you should also look for other related terms.

Element Synonym Synonym Synonym
79 year old aged elderly older person
Hit abuse threaten violence
People patient community family
Practice competence conduct culture
Profession standards environment values
Relationships nurse-patient relations intraprofessional relations nurse-client relationship

 

 

Assessment task 1: Truncation & Phrases

Truncation 

Patient* - patient, patients, patiently?

Competen* - competent, competency, competences

midwi* - midwife, midwives, midwifery

 
Phrases

"physical abuse"

"nurse patient relations"

"interprofessional relations"

"patient midwife relations"

"workplace culture"

Assessment task 1: Limits

Minimum Standard:

Number:   5 references (minimum)

Type:        Peer reviewed / Academic

Sources:  Journal articles or textbooks

Age:          5 years (maximum)

Assessment task 1: Search strategy

Combining keywords

Use Boolean operators (AND, OR and NOT) to structure your search.

Examples:

  • AND - "physical abuse" AND "nurse patient relations" AND ethics
  • OR - mistreatment OR "social media" OR blogging OR twitter

Use brackets to combine different types of boolean search terms:

  • ("physical abuse" OR "verbal abuse" OR mistreat*) AND "nurse patient relations" AND (ethics OR "personal boundaries")
  • ("physical abuse" OR "verbal abuse" OR mistreat*) AND professional* AND (ethic* OR standard*) AND midwi*

Assessment task 2: Synonyms

Here are some keywords and synonyms to get you started. Note that this is just a starting point so you should also look for other related terms.

hygiene cleanliness sanitation bath
Professional practice best practice work practices policy
Safety welfare well-being security
Informed consent permission consequences risks & benefits
Professional negligence lack of care dereliction of duty carelessness

Search tips & strategies

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4. Create a search strategy - Top library tips series by JCU Library is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Assessment task 2: Truncation & Phrases

Truncation 

Profession* - profession, professional, professionalism

Medic* - medic, medics, medical, medication

Regulat* - regulate, regulation, regulations, regulatory

histor* - history, historical, histories

 
Phrases

"professional negligence"

"informed consent"

"well-being" 

Note hyphenated words act as two words and need quote marks around them in searches. Some hyphenated terms may also be formatted as one word (e.g. wellbeing). To search both variants enter terms joined by OR.

Assessment task 2: Limits

Minimum Standard:

Number:   5 references (minimum)

Type:        Peer reviewed / Academic

Sources:  Journal articles or textbooks

Age:          5 years (maximum)

Assessment task 1: Search strategy

Combining keywords

Use Boolean operators (AND, OR and NOT) to structure your search.

Examples:

  • AND - professional* AND legislation AND "code of ethics" AND nurs*
  • OR - safety OR "well-being" OR wellbeing OR welfare

Use brackets to combine different types of boolean search terms:

  • "professional practice" AND (safe* OR wellbeing OR "well-being") AND "code of conduct"
  • safe* AND "informed consent" AND (risk* OR benefit* OR consequence*) AND (conduct OR behavior OR behaviour)

*Note that the terms above are examples of how to put terms together. Not all these terms may be useful for the same search.

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