Skip to Main Content

Using Research Indicators

This guide provides information about indicators that can be used as a measure of research performance

Scholarly Output

Scholarly Output counts the number of research outputs, and include the following types:

  • Journal publications
  • Book series
  • Stand-alone books including edited volumes, anthologies, text books and reference works
  • Artefacts
  • Compositions
  • Designs
  • Devices and Products
  • Digital or visual media
  • Exhibitions
  • Internet publications
  • Performances
  • Reports, whether confidential, technical or commissioned
  • Software

Outputs of the following types are not counted as Scholarly Outputs:

  • Theses: Snowball Metrics will address theses as a separate post-graduate research output
  • Patents: these are counted as Intellectual Property

Scholarly Output is an indication of productivity. It is a useful metric for providing transparency when used in conjunction with size-normalised metrics such as citations per publication.

Scholarly Output will vary for the same research entity in different database sources. Comparisons should therefore only be made from a single source. See appropriate use of publication and citation metrics.

Recommended sources for calculating Scholarly Output are listed below.

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

Creative Commons Licence
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.