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RH1002 Guide: Assessment 1: Online Quiz

ASSESSMENT 1. Online Quiz Citations and Referencing

This assessment will test your ability to write citations and references. You must complete a 20 minute online quiz, available on Learn JCU.  Below are some links for videos and Libguides on APA and AMA styles.

Introduction to APA interactive tutorial

APA Referencing

The APA Guide will give you more examples.  So please have a look at this before your assignment..

APA reference lists interactive tutorial

APA Referencing

The APA LibGuide will give you more examples.  So please have a look at this before your assignment..

In-Text Citations

Using references in text

For APA, you use the authors' surnames and the year of publication in text. If you are using a direct quote, you will also need to use a page number (you may be asked to use a page number for all of your citations - check with your lecturer).

For 1 or 2 authors, you will always use the names of both authors:

Frogmouth and Spoonbill (2013) found that "the mice disappeared within minutes" (pp. 29-30).

The author stated "the mice disappeared within minutes" (Frogmouth & Spoonbill, 2013, p. 29).

For 3 - 5 authors, you will need to use the names of all authors the first time, but from then on you can shorten the reference to the first author and "et al.":

First time:

Frogmouth, Spoonbill, and Drongo (2013) found that "the mice disappeared within minutes" (pp. 29-30).

The author stated "the mice disappeared within minutes" (Frogmouth, Spoonbill, & Drongo, 2013, p. 29).

Subsequently:

Frogmouth et al. (2013) found that "the mice disappeared within minutes" (pp. 29-30).

The author stated "the mice disappeared within minutes" (Frogmouth et al., 2013, p. 29).

For 6 or more authors, you usually cite the first author, and then abbreviate with "et al.":

Frogmouth et al. (2013) found that "the mice disappeared within minutes" (pp. 29-30).

The author stated "the mice disappeared within minutes" (Frogmouth et al., 2013, p. 29).

This may change if you have several groups of authors with the same first author, but check with your librarian if you're not sure.

Introduction to AMA Vancouver interactive tutorial

AMA Referencing

The AMA Guide has many more examples.  Please have a look at this guide before your assignment.

In text numbering

Superscript numbers

The numbers in text are in superscript1 and occur at the end of the clause in which you used the information.  They occur outside “quotation marks,”2 commas,3 (parentheses)4 and full stops.5 However, they occur inside semicolons6; and colons7:

Do not leave a space between the last letter or punctuation mark and the number.

Re-use numbers for the same citation

Citations should be numbered sequentially – that is, the first source you cite is 1, the second source is 2 and so on.

However, once you have given a source a number, it will keep that number throughout your paper. So, if you use your first source again, no matter how often you use it, it is still 1.

Citing more than one work at a time

Use commas to show that more than one work is being cited, and use hyphens for several works that would be numbered sequentially:

These side effects can have implications for the patient's mental health, as numerous studies have shown.1,3,6-9

Relationship between in-text citations and reference list

Your reference list follows the order of the numbers used in the text. The first source you cite in the text is 1 and the reader will look for number 1 in the reference list to find the full citation; the fifth source you use is 5 and the full citation is listed at number 5 in the reference list (and so on).

Your Librarians

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country