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Publishing Academic Research

This guide provides information about strategic publishing, publishing agreements, Open Access and ERA specifications.

Choosing Quality Conferences

You need to ensure that you select the right conference to attend and to present your research. Use the ! THINK ✓ CHECK > ATTEND tool to verify that it is a quality conference. Predatory conferences or predatory meetings, like predatory journals are exploitative and will provide little or no peer review. Characteristics include:

  • Rapid acceptance of submissions with poor quality control and little or no true peer review 
  • Acceptance of submissions consisting of nonsense and/or hoaxed content
  • Notification of high attendance fees and charges only after acceptance 
  • Claiming involvement of academics in conference organising committees without their agreement, and not allowing them to resign
  • Mimicry of the names or website styles of more established conferences,


Think. Check. Attend. is an initiative that aims to guide and assist researchers and scholars to judge the legitimacy and academic credentials of conferences in order to help them decide whether to or not attend the same. Nowadays, the scholarly community faces an increasing number of invitations to present at or attend conferences. Some of these are respectable, academic events, while others are misleading, exaggerated or even fake. Think. Check. Attend. provides guidelines that help researchers to differentiate between an authentic conference and the one they should avoid. In this initiative, we help scholars to recognise the characteristics of a trusted conference to attend and submit their abstracts through a number of steps and a check list. Simply follow these steps and you will rest assured that you attend only the most appropriate conferences.

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