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Social Work and Human Services Guide: Reflective Practice

Find targeted resources for research and referencing

Some reflective models (click to enlarge)

What? So what? Now what? Model

Rolfe et al's Reflective Model

Source: The Open University

Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory model

Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory

Source: The Starting Point project

Gibbs' Reflective Cycle model

Gibbs' Reflective Cycle

Source: The Open University

Reflective writing

Engaging in reflective writing will develop your understanding in many ways, including helping you to:

  • Become a critical thinker
  • Identify weaknesses in your understanding
  • Gain a deeper understanding of course content
  • Become an independent learner and problem-solver.

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Reflective thinking

The figure below shows that the reflective thinking process starts with you. Before you can begin to assess the words and ideas of others, you need to pause and identify and examine your own thoughts.  This involves revisiting your prior experience and knowledge of the topic you are exploring. It also involves considering how and why you think the way you do. The examination of your beliefs, values, attitudes and assumptions forms the foundation of your understanding.

Reflective writing and critical thinking inverted pyramid image

Source: Reflective Writing. The Learning Centre - UNSW

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