Warning: The case study exemplar below is an example of high-achieving student work from a previous year. Please note the author may have been working to slightly different assignment task requirements, e.g. word length. Make sure you review the assessment task instructions and marking rubric in your BA1002 Subject Outline to ensure you complete the task correctly.
Power and exchange Topic is the general subject or issue that is to be written about
Essays for this subject MUST address two key concepts (here the writer has chosen the key concept POWER and the key concept EXCHANGE). in the time of the poxContext is the setting and level of focus for the general topic. : How smallpox and its vaccine piggybacked on the routes of exchange of the accidentally powerfulThis fragment gives some indication of the essay's thesis or position.
ReferencesFor this essay you MUST find two new references but may also use up to four references from your Subject Reader.
For APA the reference list is arranged in alphabetical order of authors' surnames.
If a reference has no author, list it alphabetically according to the title.
Ignore the words 'A' and 'The' at the beginning of a title.
If there are two references by the same author, list them in order of publication date with the older one first.
If references by the same author have been published in the same year, list them alphabetically by title. Letters a, b, etc. are placed after the year, e.g. (2001a), (2001b)
Campbell, J. (2002). Invisible invaders: Smallpox and other diseases 1780-1880. Melbourne University Press.This is the format for a book using APA style.
Author, A. A. (year of publication). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
Diamond, J. (1997).Guns, germs and steel. Notice the title is in "sentence case" and in italics
(Sentence case is when you only capitalise the first letter of the first word in a heading – like you would in a sentence.) Proper nouns also have a capital. Random House.
Fenner, F., Henderson, D. A., Arita, A., Ježek, Z. & Ladnyi, I. D. List up to and including twenty authors in your reference list.
It is acceptable to use an ampersand (&) when listing authors, but not in the title of a work.
If there are more than twenty authors, after the twentieth author's name and initials, use ... and then the last authors surname and initials.(1988). Smallpox and its eradication. World Health Organisation. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/39485
Geddes, A. M. (2006). The history of smallpox. Clinics in Dermatology, 24For journal articles only the TITLE of the JOURNAL and the VOLUME NUMBER are italicised. Also note that the journal title is in "title case" (i.e. the first letter of each word is capitalised)
Note that the article title is in sentence case and is not italicised.(3), 152-157.include the issue number in brackets followed by a comma and the page number range for journal articles and chapters from edited books.
Note that p. is only included for in-text citations and is omitted from pagination in the reference list https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2005.11.009 DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique string of letters and numbers that provides a persistent link to content online.
The APA referencing style specifies that if you can find one, a DOI should be used for resources like online journal articles.
Glynn, I. & Glynn, J. (2004). The life and death of smallpox. Profile Books. Sources are the origins of content (e.g., data, information and knowledge) that the writer uses to inform their own ideas. Relevance describes the strength of connection between content from a source and the purpose of the writing. This source in particular provides evidence to link networks and power relevant to the topic of the essay.
Hopkins, D. R. (1983). Princes and peasants. University of Chicago.Give the name of the publisher for books, reports, brochures, and other nonperiodical publications.
McNeill, W. H. (1976). Plagues and peoples. Anchor/Doubleday.
Nikiforuk, A. (1991). The smallpox conquest: Biological imperialism. In A. Nikiforuk (Ed.), The fourth horseman. (pp. 63-86). Fourth Estate.The reason for citing a chapter in a edited book is to properly credit both the author(s) of the chapter and the editor(s) of the book. If the entire book is by the same person, this isn't necessary.
Therefore the example below, rather than the one used by the author would be CORRECT:
Nikiforuk, A. (1991). The fourth horseman. Fourth Estate.
Watts, D. J. (2002). Chapter six: Epidemics and Failures. Six degrees: The science of a connected age. Norton.As stated above, the reason for citing a chapter in a edited book is to properly credit both the author(s) of the chapter and the editor(s) of the book. If the entire book is by the same person, this isn't necessary.
Therefore the example below, rather than that used by the author would be CORRECT:
Watts, D. J. (2002). Six degrees: The science of a connected age. Norton.
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