One of the most important learning and assessment tools at university is the writing of essays. These essays differ from the essays you wrote at school. Firstly, they are written in an academic style, and secondly, the content is often a synthesis of ideas you have collected from a wide variety of readings. Using the work of experts and researchers in various disciplines is a large part of our university study. Your lecturers want to see that you have been reading widely and well on your topic. So you will use other people’s work to:
Remember: Your research underpins and supports your assignment - just like a plate supports a sandwich.
This can be a bit confusing for people who are new to academic writing, but it's actually quite simple.
Whenever you use information that came from someone else (i.e. you didn't invent it yourself) you "flag" it in the sentence where you used it.
This is something that looks different, depending on the style you use. For styles like APA and Harvard (Author-date styles) you put the author(s) surname(s) and the year in which it was published
For example, APA looks like this:
Coral reefs can add billions of dollars to a country's economy (Barker & Roberts, 2004).
Barker and Roberts (2004) point out that coral reefs can add billions of dollars to a country's economy.
For a style like AMA or the AGLC (Documentary Note styles) you only put a number in the text:
Coral reefs can add billions of dollars to a country's economy.1
Barker and Roberts point out that coral reefs can add billions of dollars to a country's economy.1
The person reading your assignment then goes to your reference list to find the rest of the information. If you had used the APA version, they would look for the entry written by Barker and Roberts inn 2004. If you had used the Vancouver style, they would look for number 1.
Each style has it's own quirks - go to the guide for the style to see exactly how it lays out it's in-text references.
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