The author-date, or Harvard, style of referencing is widely accepted in academic publications, although you may see a number of variations in the way it is used.
This style of referencing requires that you acknowledge the source of your information or ideas in two ways:
The information and examples on these pages are based on the:
The author's name is entered where appropriate in the sentence.
Example: The literature (Reynolds 2000) shows that pioneers....
Example: While aboriginal people are often depicted by....(Reynolds 2000) , others have found that....
The year in entered in brackets after the author's name in the text.
Example: According to Reynolds (2000) this is not....
The page the quote comes from is entered after the year, in the format - year, p.number. Note the spacing of the page number.
Example: ...there was no impact on the outcome (Reynolds 2000, p.32).
Example: Reynolds (2000, p.32) determined that...
The author is always listed.
All authors are always listed.
Example: Some have argued (Gilbert & Gilbert 2010) that this is not ...
Example: According to Cooper, Krever and Vann (2007) the use of this process leads to greater accuracy.
The first author is entered and the words et al. are added after their name to indicate additional authors:
Example: In their conclusion, Leeder et al. (1996, p.10) argued ...
References in your reference list are entered in alphabetical order by the first author's surname.
Below are the most common types of references with examples.
Author, AA year of publication, Title: subtitle, Publisher, Place of publication.
Reynolds, H 2000, Black pioneers, Penguin, Ringwood, Vic.
Chapter author, AA year of publication, 'Title of chapter', in AA Editor (ed.), Title of book, Publisher, Place of publication, pp. xx-yy.
Huth, E 2005, 'Fragments of participation in architecture', in P Blundell Jones & J Till (eds), Architecture and participation, Spon Press, London, pp. 141-8.
Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. volume number, no. issue number, pp. xx-xx.
Rogers, G 2009, 'Reflections on teaching remote and isolated children', Education in Rural Australia, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 65-8.
Give the URL of the journal homepage.
Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. volume, no. issue number, pp. xx-xx, viewed Date Month Year, DOI: xx.xxxx/xxxx, <URL of journal>.
Vessenes, PM 2003. 'The secrets of managing your time', Journal of Financial Planning, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 30–2, viewed 20 November 2009, <http://www.fpajournal.org/>.
Author (person or organisation) Year (site created or revised), Name (and place if applicable) of sponsor of the site, date month year of viewing the site, <URL>.
National Library of Australia 2010, National Library of Australia, Canberra, viewed 30 March 2010, <http://www.nla.gov.au>.
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