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Harvard Referencing (AGSM)

Guide to the Harvard Referencing Style, as used by Australian Government bodies

Harvard Referencing

The information and examples contained in this library guide are based on the Australian Government Style Manual (digital edition), which is the most recent version of the AGSM.

The logo of the online Australian Government Style Manual. Clicking here will take you to the entire manual.


For the previous version of Harvard please visit the link below.  Check with your lecturer which version of the style you should be using.

About author-date Harvard system

The author-date, or Harvard, style of referencing is widely accepted in academic publications, although you may see a number of variations in the way it is used.

This style of referencing requires that you acknowledge the source of your information or ideas in two ways:

  • in the text of your work, in-text citations using the author's name and the year of publication, and
  • in a reference list at the end of your essay, which contains a full alphabetical list of all the references you have referred to, and full details for those sources

Introduction to Harvard (AGSM) Referencing

Harvard handout

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

Creative Commons Licence
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.