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Occupational Therapy Guide: Rapid Reviews

Find targeted resources for research and referencing

What is a Rapid Review?


Rapid reviews are a form of knowledge synthesis in which components of the systematic review process are simplified or omitted to produce information in a timely manner (Tricco et al., 2015).

The methods for conducting a rapid review follow the same methods that are used when conducting a systematic review and can take between 1 -6 months to complete.


PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomized trials, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions (PRISMA, 2015).

Criteria for a good research question

Define the parameters of the literature search

What resources will you search?
    Which databases will you use?
    Find Grey Literature using clinical trails, guidelines, conference proceedings etc.

What will the criteria be for inclusion or exclusion?
    Will there be a specific time period?
    Will the patients be a specific age range, sex or ethnicity?
    What types of published material will be used (RCTs, cohort studies)?

What will be the screening process?
    Merge results and remove duplicates using EndNote or other bibliographic software
    Examine titles and abstracts to remove obvious irrelevant reports/articles
    Retrieve full text of potentially relevant reports/articles
    Link reports/articles of the same study
    Examine full text reports/articles for compliance with criteria
    Correspond and collaborate with other investigators or reviewers for clarifications of eligibility
    Make final decisions on report/article inclusions and continue to data collection

What tools or rubric will you use to appraise the quality of the selected reports/articles?
    Assessing bias in interventional studies
    Assess the quality of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies
    Consider critical appraisal worksheets



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