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IEEE Style Guide

IEEE Referencing

About the IEEE number style system

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) referencing style is widely used for computing science, engineering and electronics and other technical related subjects.

The IEEE style is a numbered style where the numbers are included in-text in square brackets [1]. Numbers are assigned to references in order of use within a document and are next to the citation in the list of references which appear at the end of the document.

This style of referencing requires that you acknowledge the source of your information or ideas in two ways:

  • numbered in-text [1] citations, and
  • in a reference list at the end of your essay, which contains a full numbered list of all the references you have used.

IEEE referencing - Journal abbreviations

Journal abbreviations

All journal titles are abbreviated according to IEEE standards. You can find the abbreviations for some journals, others may need to be construced according to IEEE standard patterns.

Place of Publication

Publication places

Cities that are well known may be cited without any additional information.

US states and territories are abbreviated in the reference list and follow the official two-letter U.S. Postal Service abbreviations.

Country names are included for less well known towns and cities located outside of the US.

Australian states may be abbreviated using standard Australia Post abbreviations.

Date format

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country