A systematic review is a review of research that aims to be principled, methodical and explicit. A systematic review addresses a clearly defined research question and uses explicit and standardised methods to identify and review the literature (EPPI-Centre).
The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions states that systematic reviews have the following characteristics:
Systematic reviews started in the health and medicine discipline. They have since started to be used in other disciplines including social sciences, sciences and engineering.
Due to this, some content in this guide has a health focus, although it may be applied to other disciplines.
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