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AMA 11th Referencing Guide

Referencing guide for the 11th Edition of AMA Style

Sample Reference List

Reference lists are in numerical order, based on the order in which the sources were first cited in your assignment.

The AMA style guide does not give specific instructions for the layout of the reference list, but the following advice is based on the formatting of reference lists in both the style guide and the journals published by the JAMA family.

Do not begin the reference list on a new page, but place it at the end of your document, after a space or a line.  It follows any article information or acknowledgments.  Put the word "References" in all caps, and in line with the left-hand margin.  Format the numbers as per normal numbering style within Word (or similar programmes).

Sample Reference List:



  1. Economopoulos KJ, Brockmeier SF. Rotator cuff tears in overhead athletes. Clin Sports Med. 2012;31(4):675-692.
  2. Fikremariam D, Serafini M. Multidisciplinary approach to pain management. In: Vadivelu N, Urman RD, Hines RL, eds. Essentials of Pain Management. Springer; 2011:17-28. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-87579-8_2
  3. Lenza M, Buchbinder R, Christensen R, Hanchard NCA, Faloppa F. Magnetic resonance imaging versus ultrasonography for assessing rotator cuff tears in patients with shoulder pain for whom surgery is being considered. Cochrane Database of Syst Rev. 2011;(3):CD009020. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD009020
  4. Food safety fact sheet 51: food allergies. Queensland Health. March 2013. Accessed January 12, 2014.
  5. Shaparin N, Shah A, Gritsenko K. Pharmacological agents: opioids. In: Urman RD, Vadivelu N, eds. Perioperative Pain Management. Oxford University Press; 2013:29-37. Accessed November 25, 2012.
  6. Finnan RP, Crosby LA. Partial-thickness rotator cuff tears. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2010;19(4):609-616. Accessed April 26, 2012.
  7. Laccetti MS, Kazanowski MK. Pain Management. Jones and Bartlett Publishers; 2009.
  8. Vadivelu N, Urman RD, Hines RL, eds. Essentials of Pain Management. Springer; 2011. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-87579-8_2
  9. Dog TL. Botanicals in the management of pain. In: Audette JF, Bailey A, eds. Contemporary Pain Medicine: Integrative Pain Medicine: The Science and Practice of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Pain Management. Humana Press; 2008:447-470.
  10. State Government of Victoria. Anaphylaxis. Better Health Channel. Updated July 16, 2013. Accessed January 8, 2014.

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