Referencing - what? why? how?
What is referencing?
Referencing is the way that you describe the sources of information and ideas that you use in your assignments.
Why do I need to reference?
- To indicate where you get your information/ideas from.
- So the reader can verify your sources.
- To avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is when a person tries to present someone else's work as their own. Penalties for plagiarism can include loss of marks, failing a subject or failing your course. You might like to watch this entertaining video on plagiarism.
What do I have to reference?
- If you have used anything in your assignment that was originally written or created by someone else, you must reference it.
- This does not just mean direct quotes... it also includes any ideas you have paraphrased or summarized…
- It applies to anything you use - graphs, statistics, images etc.
How do I write my references?
1. Go to the style guide that you require
- There are many different referencing
styles even for the same discipline.
- You will need to check your subject outline or ask your lecturer which one you need to use.
- The tabs above will take you to the main styles used at JCU : APA, Harvard, Vancouver, MLA and Chicago.
2. Select the section that best describes the resource you want to reference
- Use the left hand index to click on the relevant format (i.e. book, journal article, web page, map or whatever).
3. Fill in the sections exactly as in the example
- Copy the example style exactly substituting the information from your resource.
- Pay close attention to things like spaces, full stops, commas, italics, brackets, hanging indent etc
Complete guide to referencing
Tackling all the main forms of referencing - Harvard, APA, MLA and Numerical referencing styles - in an accessible and comprehensive manner, you'll want to dip into this book time and again. A unique feature of the book is the comparisons it makes between different referencing styles, which are shown side-by-side.
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