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Harvard Referencing (AGSM)

Guide to the Harvard Referencing Style, as used by Australian Government bodies

Publishing images

If you are using images in your work that will be available to the public (for example, a thesis, journal article, book or web page), then you also need to include a copyright attribution statement in full in the Source section underneath the image. 

You may also need to include a copyright statement. Unless the image is in the public domain or under creative commons copyright it is your responsibility to ensure that you have permissions to be able to publish any images that you did not create yourself.

The copyright statement is placed underneath the image in the position where the in text citation would normally be and the reference should be included in the reference list as usual. 

How to include copyright attributions for published images:

  1. In the caption below the figure add the word Note: (in italics).
  2. Add any descriptive notes about the table (if required).
  3. Add the word From if the image is an exact copy or use Adapted from if the image was altered. E.g. Note. From [or Adapted from] Title of work by authors, date, source details. Copyright year by copyright holder.
  4. Add the citation in the format - Title, by author, from source details
  5. Add the copyright statement. This could be one of the following:

    • Copyright year by copyright holder.  Copyright holders are usually the authors (open access copyright) or publishers (traditional copyright).
    • In the public domain - e.g. copyright expired or no copyright applies e.g. US Government works
    • Creative Commons licence - e.g. CC BY-NC-ND.
  6. ‚ÄčIf copyright permission has been given to use the image, include Reprinted with permission after the copyright statement.

Photographs, illustrations and other works of art


(Creator Year) 


Creator Full Name (Year) Title or description of work [medium], Webpage, Name of Website website, Exhibition or Gallery, Location of Gallery, © Creator, courtesy: Creator or Gallery, accessed Date Month Year. URL


  • Works of art (including photographs and illustrations) require an extended caption that includes the full details of the work of art and the copyright and permission information (if necessary).
  • If you do not have the information for a part of the format, omit and move to the next part of the reference.
  • Place the in-text directly underneath the image.
  • Use a separate list after the reference list with its own title Works of art.
  • Hyperlink the URL at the end of the reference after the full stop.

For EndNote users:

EndNote Reference Type Artwork
Field notes
  • Enter the description of the medium in the Type of Work field. e.g. photograph, oil on canvas
  • Enter the name of the collection (if applicable) in the Collection field
  • Enter the day and month you accessed the site in the Access Date field.
  • If the image is hosted on a website enter the name of the website in the Publisher field.
  • If the image is in a gallery enter the name and location of the gallery in the Place Published field separated by a comma.
  • For copyright enter the artist's full name into the Artists Full Name field.
  • Enter the courtesy: information into the Description field.


In-text entry

Artwork: The Cyrpriot

Figure 1: The Cypriot. Source: William Dobel (1940) The Cypriot [oil on canvas], Australian Art Collection, Queensland Art Gallery and Gallery of Modern Art website, South Brisbane, © William Dobell, courtesy: QAGOMA, accessed 2 November 2021.

Works of art list entry 

Dobel W (1940) The Cypriot [oil on canvas], Australian Art Collection, Queensland Art Gallery and Gallery of Modern Art website, South Brisbane, © William Dobell, courtesy: QAGOMA, accessed 2 November 2021.

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

Creative Commons Licence
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.