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Harvard Referencing (AGSM)

Guide to the Harvard Referencing Style, as used by Australian Government bodies

Using Visual Works in Assignments & Class Presentations

If the image is for use only in an assignment or a PowerPoint presentation, follow the advice in this section.

In text citations

For assignments and presentations that will never be made publicly available, use a normal in-text citation in the Source section under the image/figure (see the instructions for what to do for a document that is being made publicly available on our page for Theses and Publications).

Photographs, illustrations and other works of art


(Creator Year) 


Creator Full Name (Year) Title or description of work [medium], Webpage name, Name of Website website, Exhibition or Gallery, Location of Gallery, accessed Date Month Year. URL


  • If referring to an image by title in your text the title should be italicised.
  • Hyperlink the URL at the end of the reference after the full stop.
  • If you do not have the information for a part of the format, omit and move to the next part of the reference.
  • Place the in-text directly underneath the image.
  • Use a separate list after the reference list with its own title Works of art for any photographs, illustrations and artworks.

For EndNote users:

EndNote Reference Type Artwork
Field notes
  • Enter the description of the medium in the Type of Work field. e.g. photograph, oil on canvas
  • Enter the day and month you accessed the site in the Access Date field.
  • If the image is hosted on a website enter the name of the website in the Publisher field.
  • If the image is in a gallery enter the name of the gallery in the Place Published field.


Example 1: 
In-text entry

Figure 1: Image of a turtle (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority n.d.)

Works of art list entry:

Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (n.d.) Go slow for those below [photograph], Around turtles, Australian Government website, accessed 1 November 2021.

Example 2: 
In-text entry

Figure 1: Magnetic Island (Streeton 1924)

Works of art list entry:

Streeton A (1924) Magnetic Island [oil on wood panel], National Gallery of Australia website, accessed 21 May 2022.

Tables & Images

For tables and images (such as graphs), attribute the source in the notes below the table or figure.

In the reference list, cite the usual form depending where you retrieved the information.  For example, if the data was obtained from a web page, follow the format for a web page.


Figure 1: Domestic overnight trips and spend statistics.

Graph with dtatistics




Source: Tourism Research Australia (2021).


Reference List entry

Tourism Research Australia (2021) National visitor survey monthly snapshot: July 2021, Australian Government, accessed 1 November 2021.

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

Creative Commons Licence
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.