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Harvard Referencing (AGSM)

Guide to the Harvard Referencing Style, as used by Australian Government bodies

Learn JCU Notes


Author A (Year) Subject code Title of subject: Week x notes [Format], Name of University or Institution.

Hardy D (2016) CP1403 Design thinking: interpretation and define problems [Powerpoint file], James Cook University.

Bryan S (2017) CS1022 Learning in a digital environment: Week 6 lecture notes [PDF], James Cook University.


  • Any material that is only available in person (as in, you had to be in class in order to have this material handed to you, or it was sent via email) is regarded as personal communication, and should be cited as such.
  • However, if you believe the hand-out is essential course material and your lecturer would expect you to cite it just like you would cite something uploaded to LearnJCU, use the above format.

For EndNote users:

EndNote Reference Type Generic
Field notes
  • Enter the format into the Type of Work field.
  • Enter the name of the institution in the Publisher field.

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

Creative Commons Licence
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.