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Harvard Referencing (2002 version)

Guide to citing & referencing in this author, date style for JCU students

Work with a single author


Author, AA year of publication, Title: subtitle, Publisher, Place of publication.


Reynolds, H 2000, Black pioneers, Penguin, Ringwood, Vic.

In-text citation:

In her conclusion, Reynolds (2000, p.10) points out ...

Some have argued (Reynolds 2000) ...


Work with 2 or 3 authors


Author, AA, Author, BB & Author, CC year of publication, Title: subtitle, Publisher, Place of publication.


Gilbert, R & Gilbert, P 1998, Masculinity goes to school, Allen & Unwin, St. Leonards, N.S.W.

Holmes, D, Hughes, KP & Julian, R 2003, Australian sociology: a changing society, Pearson Education, Frenchs Forest, N.S.W.

In-text citation:

If the authors' names appear in the sentence use the full word 'and'. If the authors names are listed in the citation in brackets use the & symbol. 

In their conclusion, Gilbert and Gilbert (2010, p.10) point out ...

Some have argued (Gilbert & Gilbert 2010) that this is not ...

According to Cooper, Krever and Vann (2007) the use of this process leads to greater accuracy.

The use of this process could lead to greater accuracy (Cooper, Krever & Vann 2007).

The names of all authors should be provided in the reference list.

Work with 4 or more authors



Author, AA, Author, BB, Author, CC, Author, DD & Author, EE year of publication, Title: subtitle, Publisher, Place of publication.

Reference list:

Leeder, SR, Dobson, AJ, Gibbers, RW, Patel, NK, Mathews, PS, Williams, DW & Mariot, DL 1996, The Australian film industry, Dominion Press, Adelaide.

List all authors (regardless of how many there are) in the order in which they appear on the title page. (Don't use et al. in the reference list).

In-text citation:

In their conclusion, Leeder et al. (1996, p.10) argued ...

Some have argued (Leeder et al. 1996) ...

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

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