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Harvard Referencing

Guide to citing & referencing in this author, date style for JCU students

Personal communication


Name the speaker, their title, the type of communication (eg email, letter, etc) and the date in text.                               


No entry appears in the reference list.

In-text citation:

Professor S Colepepper (John Croft University) stated in an email on 1 April, 2010, that ...

This was refuted by Dr M Fieldman ([Australian Institute of Transitional Studies] 2015, pers. comm., 1 April), who stated ...

NB: Personal communication is mentioned in-text only, not in your reference list

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country