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Harvard Referencing

Guide to citing & referencing in this author, date style for JCU students

Journal articles

The format of a citation varies with the number of authors of the work, ensure you check the formatting is correct for the number of authors of the resources you are citing.

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Journal - Electronic

Format:

Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. no,  issue no, pp. xx-xx, viewed Date Month Year, DOI:xx.xxx/xxxxxx.

OR

Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol no,  issue no, pp. xx-xx, viewed Date Month Year, <URL>.

Example:

Oxford, RL, Griffiths, C, Longhini, A, Cohen, AD, Macaro, E & Harris, V 2014, 'Experts' personal metaphors and similes about language learning strategies', System, vol. 43, pp. 11-29, viewed 7 July 2014, DOI:10.1016/j.system.2014.01.001.

Reinke, NB, Llewelyn, T & Firth, N 2014, 'Developing discipline-specific study skills for pharmacy students learning anatomy and physiology', International Journal of Innovation in Science and Mathematics Education, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 57-66, viewed 12 June 2014, <http://sydney.edu.au/iisme/research/journal.shtml>.

NB: In the Oxford et al. example, the journal does not use issue numbers. If the journal does not have a volume or an issue number, you skip to the next part of the pattern.

In-text citation:

Oxford et al. (2014, p.12) state that "metaphor may be as old as language."

The use of figurative language can give an insight into the attitudes of professionals towards their profession (Oxford et al. 2014).

Journal - Article Numbers

Some electronic journals do not have page numbers, but instead use article numbers.

Format:

Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, Volume, article no: article number [no pagination], viewed Date Month Year, DOI:xx.xxx/xxxxxx.

OR

Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, Volume, article no: article number [no pagination], viewed Date Month Year, <URL>.

 

 

Example:
Chou, CL, Teherani, A & Masters, D 2014, 'Workplace learning through peer groups in medical school clerkships', Medical Education Online, 19, article no: 25809, viewed 15 Jun 2015, DOI:10.3402/meo.v19.25809.

 

Chou, CL, Teherani, A & Masters, D 2014, 'Workplace learning through peer groups in medical school clerkships', Medical Education Online.,19, article no: 25809, viewed 15 Jun 2015, <https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/zmeo20/19/1?nav=tocList>.

Preprint Articles

For articles that have been made available online but not yet published "Advanced online publications"

Format:

Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, Preprint, viewed Date Month Year, DOI:xx.xxx/xxxxxx. or <URL>.

Example:

Jones, P, Smith, A & Rigby, R 2018, ‘Aerobic capacity for athletes’, Journal of Strength and Conditioning, Preprint, viewed 15 June 2018, DOI:10.125894/426579.

In-text citation:

In their conclusion, Jones et al. (2018 p.1) points out ...

Some have argued (Jones et al. 2011, p.1) that ...

Journal - Print

 

Format:

Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. volume number, no. issue number, pp. xx-xx.

Example:

Gorringe, S 2011, 'Honouring our strengths: moving forward', Education in Rural Australia, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 21-37.

In-text citation:

In her conclusion, Gorringe (2011, p.33) points out ...

Some have argued (Gorringe 2011, p.33) that ...

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