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Harvard Referencing

Guide to citing & referencing in this author, date style for JCU students

Artwork reproduced in a book (image, poem, painting etc)

Refer to the work in the text and then cite the book:

Format:

Author, AA year of publication, Title: subtitle, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example:

Chadwick, P 2007, Italian art, Allen & Unwin, St. Leonards, N.S.W.

In-text citation:

Artemisia Gentileschi’s c.1618 painting ‘Judith with Her Maidservant’ (Chadwick 2007, p. 111)

If the book has plates inserted between the numbered pages, use the plate number instead of the page number.  E.g. (Chastelle 1963, plate 11)

Artwork reproduced in a published catalogue or exhibition

Treat the curator as the first editor, and reference the catalogue as an edited book.  Refer to the work in the text and then cite the book:

Format:

Editor, AA  & Editor, BB (eds) year of publication, Title: subtitle, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example:

Gianelli, I, Blackall, J & Christove-Bakargiev, C (eds) 2002, Arte povera: art from Italy 1967-2002, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, NSW.

In-text citation:

Luciano Fabro's 1964 scuplture Ruota (Gianelli, Blackall & Christov-Bakargiev 2002) is...

Artwork reproduced on the internet (image, painting etc)

The name, caption, or your own description of the image acts as the title.

The official title of the artwork is italicised, but a descriptive title of an image is unitalicised and in 'single quotation marks'. Use “n.d.” where the date of the image is unknown:

Format:

Artist, AA year created, Title or 'Description', Medium (Photo etc),  Name of site sponsor site, place of sponsor site if available, viewed date Month, year, <URL>

Example:

Cher, V 2005, Sad teenager, Painting, Museum of Bad Art, Needham, MA, viewed 30 October 2012, <http://www.museumofbadart.org/coll6/image03.php>

Rothgeb, E n.d., Ronan the pug, Painting, Museum of Bad Art, Needham, MA, viewed 30 October 2012, <http://www.museumofbadart.org/coll8/image04.php>

In-text citation:

But are artworks like Sad Teenager (Cher 2005) and Ronan the Pug (Rothgeb n.d.) truly bad, or is it a matter of opinion?

Artwork - when you have viewed the original

Format:

Artist, AA year created, Title: subtitle, Exhibited Place (viewed date month, year). Medium (eg painting, sculpture, etc): media (oil on canvas, clay, etc).

Example:

Murakami, T 1994, And then, and then and then and then and then. Exhibited Brisbane: Queensland Art Gallery (viewed 31 March, 2008). Painting: Synthetic polymer paint on canvas.

In-text citation:

In his painting And then, and then and then and then and then, Murakami ... (1994).

Artwork - author unknown

Format:

‘Title of work’ (or a short description) year created (if available), medium, Title of Book, Journal or Webpage (follow the remainder of the pattern for books, journals and webpages).

Example:

‘A litter of puppies’ 2012, photograph, Choosing a puppy, RSPCA, Deakin West, Australia viewed 18 October 2012, <http://www.rspca.org.au/index.php?id=196>

In-text citation:

As shown in this image, dogs from the same litter can have quite different markings ('A litter of puppies' 2012)...

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