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APA (6th Edition) Referencing Guide

Referencing Guide based on the 6th Edition of APA style

Lecture Notes and Readings

Lecture readings or class handouts distributed through LearnJCU:

NB! The formatting of punctuation in the titles was updated on April 17 after advice from the APA Style Experts.

Format

For a downloadable file, like a PowerPoint or PDF:

Author, A.A. (year). Subject code: Title of subject; week x notes (or title of notes) [Format]. Retrieved from URL

For lecture notes in html/web page form (e.g. notes that are LearnJCU pages):

Author, A.A. (year). Subject code: Title of subject; week x notes (or title of notes). Retrieved from URL

Examples

Hardy, D. (2016). CP1403: Design thinking; interpretation and define problem [PowerPoint file]. Retrieved from https://learn.jcu.edu.au

Bryan, S. (2017). CS1022: Learning in a digital environment; week 6 lecture notes [PDF]. Retrieved from https://learn.jcu.edu.au

Frogmouth, T. (2018). XX1001: X-ray vision; Week 1 learning plan. Retrieved from https://learn.jcu.edu.au.

How many authors? Remember, there are rules for how to set out a reference, depending on the number of authors

Class hand-outs (physical)

Strictly speaking, any material that is only available in person (as in, you had to be in class in order to have this material handed to you, or it was sent via email) is regarded as personal communication, and should be cited as such.

However, if you believe the hand-out is essential course material and your lecturer would expect you to cite it just like you would cite something uploaded to LearnJCU, you can use the following format:

Printed material distributed in class:

Format
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Subject code: Title of subject; Title of handout [Format]. City, Country: Publisher.
Examples
Frogmouth, T., & Spoonbill, Y. B. (2013). PY1011: Exploring psychology; Psychopaths [Class handout]. Department of Psychology, James Cook University. Cairns, Australia.

How many authors? Remember, there are rules for how to set out a reference, depending on the number of authors

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