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APA (7th Edition) Referencing Guide

Guide to APA citation style using the 7th Edition of the APA Style Manual.


If you are using information from a map, but not reproducing the map as an image or a figure, just use the advice below.

If you are reproducing the map in your work, you also need to check the information on our Images and Figures page.

  • If the author not known, use the copyright owner of the map.
  • If the author of the map is also the publisher, omit the publisher.
  • Because dynamically created maps (e.g., Google Maps) do not have a title, describe the map in square brackets, and include a retrieval date.


Author, A. A. (Date). Title [Map]. Publisher. URL

Author, A. A. (Date). [Description]. Retrieved Month, Date, Year, from URL

In print:

Author, A. A. (Date). Title [Map]. Publisher.



Google. (n.d.). [Cardwell - Google Maps]. Retrieved November 18, 2021, from,146.0237931,14.82z

Department of Lands, N.S.W. (1961). Map of the town of Cowra and suburban and adjacent lands: Parishes of Cowra and Mulyan, Counties of Bathurst and Forbes, Land District of Cowra, N.S.W.  [Map]. Department of Lands, Sydney.

In print:

Roberts, C. W. (2005). Australia 1:100 000 geological series: Sheet 8159, Rollingstone, Queensland [Map]. Department of Natural Resources and Mines.

Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines. (2003). Australia 1:100 000 geological series: Sheet 7763, Mungana, Queensland [Map].


We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

Creative Commons Licence
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.