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APA (7th Edition) Referencing Guide

Guide to APA citation style using the 7th Edition of the APA Style Manual.

Using visual works in assignments & class presentations

 

If the image is for use only in an assignment or a PowerPoint presentation, follow the advice in this section.

In text citations

The in text citation for an image should be put underneath the image with the format - Note. [add explanatory notes here, if applicable - if no notes are applicable, just use the word "source" to explain what the note is noting] (author, date). Include the page number if applicable, for example an image from a book or journal article.

Reference list

Reference the source where the image was obtained from. If an image was viewed in a gallery or online then cite the image directly as a stand alone work. For images included in other sources reference the book, website or journal article that the image came from. 

If the author is the same as the name of the website, omit the name of the website.

Remember to follow the referencing format of the resource you are using (e.g. book, journal article etc.) or include as much information about the image as possible:

  • Author or Creator (author, painter, photographer etc.)
  • Date (normally the date the book/journal/webpage was published, or the date the artwork was created if you are citing original art)
  • Title of the work
  • Material type in square brackets [Photograph] [Clipart] [Online image].
  • Publisher
  • Museum or Institution where the artwork/exhibits is located (if applicable)
  • URL

Online images

Please note, this is for images that exist as separate entities on the Internet, such as an image in Wikimedia Commons, Flickr, Pixabay, etc. If the image appears in a webpage, cite the webpage.

Format

Author, A. A. or Creator, A. A. (Date). Title of image [Online image]. Publisher. http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Raphael. (2011). Portrait of a woman [Online image]. Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Raffaello_Sanzio_-_Portrait_of_a_Woman_-_WGA18948.jpg

In text

Figure 1

Portrait of a woman by Raphael, 1505-1506.

Portrait of a woman by Raphael

Note. Source: (Raphael, 2011).

Image from a journal article

 

Format

Author, A. A. (Date). Title of entry. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page numbers of the whole article. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/xxxx

Examples

Rousset, L., Bernardeschi, C. & Halioua, B. (2019, May). Did Mona Lisa suffer from postpartum thyroiditis? The Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 33(5). e225-e226. https://doi-org/10.1111/jdv.15412

In text

Figure 2

Close up of Mona Lisa (left eye) by Leonardo da Vinci.

Note. Source: (Rousset et al., 2019, p. e225).

Image from an eBook

 

Format

Author, A. A. (Date). Title book. Publisher. DOI or http://www.xxxxx (if applicable)

Examples

Kempt, M. (2012). Christ to Coke: How image becomes icon. Oxford University Press.

In text

Figure 3

Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci.

Note. Source: (Kempt, 2012, p. 144).

 

Clip art or stock image

 

Format

Author A. A. or Creator, A. A. (Date). Title of work [Clipart]. Publisher. http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Wikimedia Foundation. (2009). Stylized Mona Lisa [Clipart]. Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stylized_Mona_Lisa.svg

In text

Figure 4

Stylized Mona Lisa.

Note. Source: (Wikimedia Foundation, 2010).

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