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APA (7th Edition) Referencing Guide

Guide to APA citation style using the 7th Edition of the APA Style Manual. This guide is in Beta mode, and some links and pages will become available shortly.

Blogs

Blogs are considered to be a type of periodical, like a newspaper or a magazine. Therefore they are cited slightly differently to other social media platforms and websites.

Blog post

Format

Author, A. [Screen name if applicable]. (Date). Post title – not italicised. Blog name. http://www.xxxxx

NOTES: 

  • If the author's full name is not listed, just use their screen name without brackets
  • If the author is a group or a company, do not us a full stop between the author's name and the screen name
Examples

JCU Library News. (2019, May 28). Reading challenge reviews: Football heroes and tragics. JCU Library News. https://jculibrarynews.blogspot.com/2019/05/reading-challenge-reviews-football.html

Blog comment

Format

Author, A. (Date). Title or first sentence – not italicised [Comment “article or post title”]. Blog name. http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Worthington, T. (2019, August 19). The positive aspect of AI in education is that it will force us to be more transparent in what we do, and challenge our own assumptions and biases. [Comment on the post “Artificial intelligence in Schools: An ethical storm is brewing”]. EduResearch Matters. https://www.aare.edu.au/blog/?p=4325

Social media posts

Many social media posts can contain nonstandard spelling, capitalisation, hashtags, links and emojis. Reference the post exactly as is and include hashtags and links.

Replicate emojis, if you are unable to replicate the emoji provide the CLDR Short Name (from the Unicode Website) in square brackets e.g. Image of lock and key emoji  is noted in-text as [Locked with key] in the text where the emoji is located.

Image shows two citations. The first citation use a description of an emoji in square brackets to illustrate what to do if the emoji cannot be copied and used. The second citation has emojis inline with the text. The emojis are treated in the same manner as words and do not have square brackets.

Facebook

Facebook page

Format

Author, A. (n.d.). Title –italicised [Facebook page]. Social media site. Retrieved date, from http://www.xxxxx

NOTES: 

  • If the author's full name is not listed, just use their screen name without brackets
  • If the author is a group or a company, do not us a full stop between the author's name and the screen name
Examples

James Cook University Library [JCU Library]. (n.d.). Library and Information Services [Facebook page]. Facebook. Retrieved June 11, 2019, from https://www.facebook.com/JCULibrary

Facebook post

Format

Author, A. [Screen name if applicable]. (Date). Title – italicised. [Audiovisual description – if applicable] [Type]. Social media site. http://www.xxxxx

NOTES: 

  • If the author's full name is not listed, just use their screen name without brackets
  • If the author is a group or a company, do not us a full stop between the author's name and the screen name
Examples

James Cook University Library [JCU Library]. (2019, November 7). Be mindful of others in the Silent Zones of the Library. There are plenty of areas in the Library to suit. [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook. https://bit.ly/2CGLYwU

Facebook comment

Format

Author, A. (Date). Title – italicised [Comment “article or post title”]. Social media site. Retrieved date, from http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Gordon, C. (2019, October 21). The muddle headed wombat by Ruth Park - the original and the best! [Comment on the post “It’s Wombat Day in Australia. What’s your favourite story?”]. Facebook. Retrieved 2019, October 25, from https://www.facebook.com/JCULibrary/

 

Instagram

Instagram post

Format

Author, A. [Screen name]. (Date). Title- italicised [Audiovisual description]. Social media site. http://www.xxxxx

NOTES: 

  • If the author's full name is not listed, just use their screen name without brackets
  • If the author is a group or a company, do not us a full stop between the author's name and the screen name
Examples

James Cook University Library [@jcu_libraryinthetropics]. (2019, May 22). Put children together with alpacas and maracas and you’ve got FUN! [Photograph]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/BxvyuWPJW37/

Instagram comment

Format

Author, A. (Date). Title – italicised [Comment “article or post title”]. Social media site. Retrieved date, from http://www.

Examples

Hoopsby4. (2019, May 22). Awesome! [Comment on post “Put children together with alpacas and maracas and you’ve got FUN!]. Instagram. Retrieved January 3, 2020, from https://www.instagram.com/p/BxvyuWPJW37

Twitter

Twitter

Format

Author, A. [@username]. (Date). Title – italicised. [Audiovisual description – if applicable] [Type]. Social media site. http://www.xxxxx

NOTES: 

  • If the author's full name is not listed, just use their screen name without brackets
  • If the author is a group or a company, do not us a full stop between the author's name and the screen name
Examples

James Cook University Library [@JCULibrary]. (Date). Last week our “Clean Green Library Machine” team earned a Gold award at  2019 @JCUTropEco Awards  . [Image attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/JCULibrary/status/1190035558996828160

NOTE: if you are referencing a re-Tweet, click on the post and reference the original Tweet

Twitter moment

Format

Author, A. [Screen name if applicable]. (Date). Title – not italicised [Content]. Retrieved date, from http://www.xxxxx

NOTES: 

  • If the author,s full name is not listed, just use their screen name without brackets
  • If the author is a group or a company, do not us a full stop between the author's name and the screen name
Examples

National Geographic [NatGeo]. (2019, June 6). Celebrating world oceans day – How can you help? [Twitter moment]. Retrieved June 6, 2019, from https://twitter.com/NatGeo/moments

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country