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APA (6th Edition) Referencing Guide

Referencing Guide based on the 6th Edition of APA style

Australian Leglislation/Acts

APA recommends citing legislation in accordance with the Bluebook, which is designed to deal American legislation. In Australia, we tend to use the AGLC to look at Australian legislation:

Australian Acts available online:

Format

Name of Act Including Year (jurisdiction abbreviation) s. section number (Juristiction). Retrieved from URL

*or type of section (e.g.: cl. clause number, div. division number, pt. part number),  - find a list on pages 66-67 of the AGLC.

If you are are referring to the Act as a whole, or citing multiple sections in your text do not give section numbers in the reference list.

Examples

Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 No 42 (NSW) s. 36AA (Austl.). Retrieved from https://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/#/view/act/1983/42/part2/div2/sec36aa

Lands Acquisition Act 1989 (Cth) pt. V, div. 2 (Austl.). Retrieved from https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2016C00827

Land Title Act 1994 (Qld) s. 19 (Austl.). Retrieved from http://www6.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/qld/consol_act/lta1994109/s18a.html

Victims of Crime Assistance and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2017 (Qld) (Austl.). Retrieved from https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/view/html/asmade/act-2017-008

In text:

In your text, you'd make it clear which section you were referring to (if you are referring to a specific section):

The registrar can hold an inquiry if it is felt the land claim requires corrections (Land Title Act 1994 [Qld] s. 19).

According to pt. 4 of the Victims of Crime Assistance and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2017 (Qld)...

Subsequent mentions of the act can use a shortened title if it will not cause confusion:

... as outlined in the Victims of Crime Assistance Act of 2017.

A note about the use of italics:

Since APA does not specifically address Australian legislation, most guides within Australia adapt the style. We have seen examples of APA citations of Acts that do put the Act title in italics. This is because APA follows the Bluebook, which doesn't use Italics for the titles of the acts, but the AGLC (which is used by most Australian universities as an alternative), which does use italics.

We recommend using italics, as Acts are considered to be published documents in Australia.

A note about the use of capitals:

The names of Acts should be capitalised when referring to them in sentences, so you also capitalise them in your reference list.

Bills (Australian)

APA recommend using the Bluebook to reference legal materials. As the Bluebook is designed to work with US legislation, most universities in Australia refer to the AGLC to adapt the style for Australian purposes.

Bills in Australia are formatted similarly to Acts, only they are regarded as unpublished works, so the title is not italicised.

Australian Bills available online:

Format

Name of Bill Including Year (jurisdiction abbreviation) s. section number (Jurisdiction). Retrieved from URL

*or type of section (e.g.: cl. clause number, div. division number, pt. part number),  - find a list on pages 66-67 of the AGLC. If you are are referring to the Bill as a whole, do not give section numbers.

Examples

Marriage Act Amendment (Recognition of Foreign Marriages for Same-Sex Couples) Bill 2013 (Cth) (Austl.). https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2013B00115

University Legislation Amendment Bill 2017 (Qld) ch. 2 pt. 3 (Austl.). Retrieved from https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/view/html/bill.first/bill-2016-002#ch.2-pt.3

In text:

According to the proposals laid out in the Marriage Act Amendment (Recognition of Foreign Marriages for Same-Sex Couples) Bill 2013 (Cth)...

... which was recommended in ch. 2 pt. 3 of the University Legislation Amendment Bill 2017 (Qld).

Subsequent references to the Bills can be shortened, as long it will not cause confusion:

... which the Marriage Act Amendment Bill of 2013 has proposed should be repealed.

A note about the use of capitals:

The names of Bills should be capitalised when referring to them in sentences, so you also capitalise them in your reference list.

Cases (Australian)

APA recommend using the Bluebook to reference legal materials. As the Bluebook is designed to work with US sources, most universities in Australia refer to the AGLC to adapt the style for Australian purposes.

Australian cases (reference list entry):

Format

First Named Plaintiff v First Named Defendant (year) volume Law Report Title Abbreviation starting page (Jurisdiction).

Examples

Mabo v Queensland (1989) 166 CLR 186 (Austl.).

Minister for Immigration v Khawar (2002) 187 ALR 574 (Austl.).

In Text:

Use the name of the case (in italics) and the date to refer to cases in text.

For example:

According to the precedent set in Mabo v Queensland (1989), it is possible to claim...

The role of protection visas in domestic violence cases involving minority groups has been a contentious issue (Minister for Immigration v Khawar, 2002).

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country