Skip to main content

APA (6th Edition) Referencing Guide

Referencing Guide based on the 6th Edition of APA style

AusDI by MedicalDirector

Format

Title of entry. (Year). In Title of work - italicised [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Biaxsig. (2019). In AusDI [Product summary]. Retrieved from https://ausdi-hcn-com-au/quickSearch.hcn

In text

Biaxsig is generally well tolerated (Biaxsig, 2019).
or Biaxsig (n.d.) is described ...

If using the tools on the AusDI Database, reference the tools pages as a database

Format

Author. (Year). Title of report - italicised [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxx

Examples

AusDI. (2019). Interactions & safety [Drug interactions database]. Retrieved from https://ausdi-hcn-com-au//drugInteractions.hcn

In text

(AusDI, 2019)

AusDI (2019) show the comparisons between drugs ....

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Format

Author. (Year). Title of report - italicised (No. xxxx). Retrieved from http://www.xxxx

Examples

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2016). Australia's health 2016 (No. Aus 199). Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/getmedia/9844cefb-7745-4dd8-9ee2-f4d1c3d6a727/19787-AH16.pdf.aspx?inline=true

In text

First use:

(Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW], 2016)

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare ([AIHW], 2016) has found that ....

Subsequent use:

(AIHW, 2016)

AIHW (2016) has found that ....

Please Note:

Not all documents downloaded from the ABS or the AIHW will have catalogue numbers. Only inlcude the number if it is applicable. If you aren't sure if your document has a catalogue number, contact InfoHelp for advice.

 

Australian Medicines Handbook (AMH)

Format

Title of entry. (Year). In Title of work - italicised. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Insulins. (2019). In Australian medicines handbook. Retrieved from https://amhonline-amh-net-au

In text

Insulins restore ability to metabolise glucose (Insulins, 2019).
or Insulins (2019) ....

ClinicalKey (clinical overview)

Format Title of entry. (Year). In Title of work - italicised [Format clarification]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx
Examples

Thiamine deficiency. (2017). In ClinicalKey [Clinical overview]. Retrieved from https://www.clinicalkey.com.au/

In text

Thiamine deficiency (2017) is described as ...
or (Thiamine deficiency, 2017).

 NOTE: This is the format for referencing a clinical overview. Books, Book chapters & Journal articles from ClinicalKey will follow the format appropriate for the resources used.

Cochrane Review

Format

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of article. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, year as volume(issue), page numbers of the whole article. doi:DOI

Examples

Gopalakrishnan, P. N., Goel, N., & Banerjee, S. (2017). Saline irrigation for the management of skin extravasation injury in neonates. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2017(7), 1-26. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008404.pub3

O'Kelly, S. M., & Moore, Z. E. (2017). Antenatal maternal education for improving postnatal perineal healing for women who have birthed in a hospital setting. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2017(12). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD012258.pub2

In text

First use:

Gopalakrishnan, Goel, and Banerjee (2017) noted that...
or (Goplakrishnan, Goel, & Banerjee, 2017) - see 3-5 Authors

O'Kelly and Moore (2017) noted that...
or (O'Kelly & Moore, 2017) - see 1-2 Authors

Subsequent use:

Gopalakrishnan et al. (2017) noted that...
or (Gopalakrishnan et al., 2017)

O'Kelly and Moore (2017) noted that...
or (O'Kelly & Moore, 2017)

Codes of conduct

Format

Author, A. A. (year). Title of document. Retrieved from URL

Examples

Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia. (2018). Code of conduct for nurses. Retrieved from http://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards.aspx.

In text

First use:

(Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia [NMBA], 2018).

The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia ([NMBA], 2018) states that ....

Subsequent use:

(NMBA, 2016)

NMBA (2016) has found that ....

DSM-5

Citing the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders can be tricky, so the APA Style Experts have given specific advice on their blog.

See How to Cite the DSM–5 in APA Style for more information.

Citing the manual as a whole:

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Citing sections of the manual:

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Cautionary statement for forensic use of DSM-5. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.     http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.CautionaryStatement

DynaMed Plus

Format

Title of entry. (Year). In Title of work - italicised [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Acetaminophen. (2019). In DynaMed plus [Drug summary]. Retrieved from https://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T233023/Acetaminophen

In text

nonprescription drug, generally safe when used in therapeutic dosese (Acetaminophen, 2019).
or Acetaminophen (2019) is described ...

Electronic Therapeutic Guidelines Complete (eTG complete)

Format

Title of entry. (Year). In Title of work - italicised. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Persistent unexplained fatigue. (2011). In Electronic therapeutic guidelines complete. Retrieved from https://tgldcdp-tg-org-au

In text

Persistent unexplained fatigue (2011) can be treated by ...
or (Persistent unexplained fatigue, 2017).

JBI

Pattern for JBI systematic review:

Format

Author, A. A. (year). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), page numbers of the whole article. doi:DOI

OR (if no DOI)

Author, A. A. (year). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), page numbers of the whole article. Retrieved from the OvidSP database.

Examples

Pather, P., Hines, S., Kynoch, K., & Coyer, F. (2017). Effectiveness of topical skin products in the treatment and prevention of incontinence-associated dermatitis: A systematic review. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports, 15(5), 1473-1496. doi:10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-003015

Queiros, P., Santos, E., Apostolo, J., Cardoso, D., Cunha, M., & Rodrigues, M. (2014). The effectiveness of cleansing solutions for wound treatment: A systematic review. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports, 12(10), 121-151. doi:10.11124/jbisrir-2014-1746

In text

 

First use:

Pather, Hines, Kynoch, and Coyer (2017) noted that... 
or (Pather, Hines, Kynoch, & Coyer, 2017) - see 3-5 Authors

Querios et al. (2014) noted that...
or (Querios et al., 2014) - see 6 or More Authors

Subsequent use:

Pather et al. (2017) noted that...
or (Pather et al., 2017)

Querios et al. (2014) noted that...
or (Querios et al. 2014)

JBI Evidence Summary

Format

Author, A. A. (year). Title of document: Subtitle of document [Evidence Summary]. Retrieved from the OvidSP database.

Examples

Wound Healing Management Node Group, & Slade, S. (2017). Wound management: Hydrogen peroxide [Evidence Summary]. Retrieved from the OvidSP database.

In text

 

First use:

The Wound Healing Management Node Group (WHAM) and Slade (2017) noted that...
or (Wound Healing Management Node Group [WHAM] & Slade, 2017) - see When the Author Isn't a Person.

Subsequent use:

WHAM and Slade (2017) noted that...
or (WHAM & Slade, 2017)

JBI Recommended Practice

Format

Author, A. A. (year). Title of document: Subtitle of document [Evidence Based Recommended Practice]. Retrieved from the OvidSP database.

Examples
Joanna Briggs Institute. (2016). Graft care after removal of primary dressing [Evidence Based Recommended Practice]. Retrieved from the OvidSP database.

 

In text

First use:

The Joanna Briggs Institute ([JBI], 2016) noted that...
or (Joanna Briggs Institute [JBI], 2016) - see When the Author Isn't a Person

Subsequent use:

JBI (2016) noted that...
or (JBI, 2016)

JBI Best Practice

Format

Author, A. A. (year). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Best Practice: Evidence Based Information Sheets for Health Professionals, volume(issue), page numbers of the whole article. Retrieved from the OvidSP database.

Examples
Joanna Briggs Institute. (2009). Nurse-led interventions to reduce cardiac risk factors in adults. Best Practice: Evidence Based Information Sheets for Health Professionals, 13(5):1-4. Retrieved from the OvidSP database.
 
In text See JBI example above.

Note:

  • If you did not retrieve the article using our database link to Ovid, but you found it through JBI's home page, use http://joannabriggslibrary.org instead of OvidSP databse.

 

MIMS Online

Format

Title of entry. (Year). In Title of work - italicised. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Paracetamol. (2019). In MIMS Online. Retrieved from https://www-mimsonline-com-au

In text

this drug is used for the relief of pain associated with headache (Paracetamol, 2019).
or Paracetamol (2019) is described ...

Natural Medicines

Format

Title of entry. (Year). In Title of work - italicised. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

Examples

Magnesium. (n.d.). In Natural Medicines. Retrieved from https://naturalmedicines-therapeuticresearch-com

In text

Magnesium is generally well tolerated (Magnesium, n.d.).
or Magnesium (n.d.) is described ...

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country