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APA (7th Edition) Referencing Guide

Guide to APA citation style using the 7th Edition of the APA Style Manual. This guide is in Beta mode, and some links and pages will become available shortly.

If your work is not going to be made public but is purely for an assignment (such as a PowerPoint presentation that is only available to classmates on LearnJCU or an essay that will only be viewed by your lecturer), follow the advice for Using visual works in assignments and class presentations

Publishing Images

If you are using images in your work that will be available to the public (for example, a thesis, journal article, book or web page), then you also need to include a copyright attribution statement in full in the Notes section underneath the image. 

You may also need to include a copyright statement. Unless the image is in the public domain or under creative commons copyright it is your responsibility to ensure that you have permissions to be able to publish any images that you did not create yourself. See the APA Blog's pages on Navigating Copyright for Reproduced Images for more information. 

The copyright statement is placed underneath the image in the position where the in text citation would normally be and the reference should be included in the reference list as usual. 

How to include copyright attributions for published images:

  1. In the caption below the figure add the word Note: (in italics).
  2. Add any descriptive notes about the table (if required).
  3. Add the word From if the image is an exact copy or use Adapted from if the image was altered. E.g. Note. From [or Adapted from] Title of work by authors, date, source details. Copyright year by copyright holder.
  4. Add the citation in the format - Title, by author, from source details
  5. Add the copyright statement. This could be one of the following:

    • Copyright year by copyright holder.  Copyright holders are usually the authors (open access copyright) or publishers (traditional copyright).
    • In the public domain - e.g. copyright expired or no copyright applies e.g. US Government works
    • Creative Commons licence - e.g. CC BY-NC-ND.
  6. ‚ÄčIf copyright permission has been given to use the image, include Reprinted with permission after the copyright statement.

Image copied from a book

Format

Author, A. A. (Date). Title of book. Publisher.

NB: You should seek permission from the copyright holder to republish images that are under copyright, and add "Reprinted with permission" at the end of the note if you have been granted permission. See page 250 of the Publication Manual.

Examples

Séailles, G. (2013). Leonardo Da Vinci, Parkstone International.

In text

Figure 1

Portrait of Mona Lisa del Giocondo (The Mona Lisa), 1503-1506.

Note. From Leonardo Da Vinci by Gabriel Séailles, p. 18. Copyright 2013 by Parkstone International.

Painting where copyright has expired (public domain)

Format

Author, A. A. (Date). Title of the work [Material description]. Publisher. https://xxxxxxx

 

Examples

Da Vinci, L. (1503-1505). The Mona Lisa (or La Joconde, La Gioconda) [Painting]. Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mona_Lisa.jpg

In text

Figure 2

The Mona Lisa (or La Joconde, La Gioconda)



Note. From Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci, 1503-1505, Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mona_Lisa.jpg. In the public domain.

Journal article licensed under Creative Commons

Format

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date). Title of article: Subtitle. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page numbers of the whole article. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/xxxx

 

Examples

Lorusso, S., & Natali, A. (2015). Mona Lisa: A comparative evaluation of the different versions and their copies. Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage, 15(1), 57-84. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.1973-9494/6168

In text

Figure 3

Comparison between the Louvre “Mona Lisa” and the Prado “Mona Lisa”

Note. From “Mona Lisa: A comparative evaluation of the different versions and their copies,” by Salvatore Lorusso and Andrea Natali, 2015, Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage, 15(1), 57-84, p. 64 (https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.1973-9494/6168). CC BY 3.0.

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