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Harvard Referencing (2002 version)

Guide to citing & referencing in this author, date style for JCU students

Author and date

Harvard Referencing is an author date style and in-text citations require the author and date to be cited in parentheses, or of the author’s name is part of the sentence the date in parentheses immediately following the authors name.


Language can give an insight (Jones 2017).

A central theme for Huth (2005) is the ...

Page Numbers - Direct Quotes

Page numbers are included in the in-text reference if you have used a direct quote or you want to direct the reader to a specific page or pages.  When you are including a page number, a comma is used after the date.

For a single page use the abbreviation p.

And for multiple pages use the abbreviation pp.

For material without page numbers, give the paragraph number.


Some have argued (Gorringe 2011, p. 33) that "the fish swam against the current".

In their summary, Gilbert and Gilbert (2010) point out "animals have direct family relationships" (pp. 10-12).

"The study has shown how the results compared" (Smith 2012, para. 6).

Long Quotes

When using longer quotes of 40-50 words, the quoted text must begin on a separate line after a colon.

Northey, Mccutchen & Sanders (2016, p. 50) suggest:

Although there is less empirical research regarding the role that morphological awareness plays in writing extended text compared to reading it, there is research documenting the frequency of various morphological forms in children’s written narratives. As in oral language, where children develop inflectional morphology knowledge (tense and plural markers; e.g. walked and birds) by ages six to eight.

Longer quotes of more than forty words should be presented without quotation marks and be indented. A font one size smaller should be used.

Multiple Citations

To include multiple references in the same citation you need to separate each reference by a semi-colon and list the reference in alphabetical order


Writing an assignment will follow a set structure that which is determined by the type of paper that the student is writing (Jones 2015; Smythe 2012; Williams 2015).

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

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Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.