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Harvard Referencing (2002 version)

Guide to citing & referencing in this author, date style for JCU students

Visual - Film/TV/Video


  • Use the format most applicable - e.g. motion picture, DVD, television program, video recording, streaming media, mobile app.
  • Television includes free to air channels, pay tv channels and streaming and on-demand streaming services.

EndNote Reference Type: 

  • Film or broadcast


Single program - e.g. film, program or entire series:

Film - physical format (DVD, USB):

Director, AA (Dir.) year releasedTitle of film (in italics), Producers (Prods.) OR Executive Producers (Exec. Prods.), format, Name of Production company, format, viewed date.


Coogler, R (Dir.) 2018, Black panther, K Feige (Prod.), motion picture, Marvel Studios, viewed 1 March 2018.

Burton, T (Dir.) 2016, Miss Peregrine's home for peculiar children, P Chernin & J Topping (Prods.), DVD, 5 November 2018.

Film watched on channel:

Director, AA (Dir.) year released, Title of program (in italics), Producers (Prods.) OR Executive Producers (Exec. Prods.), format, Channel, viewed DD month YYYY (broadcast date or viewed date if streaming), <URL> for streaming services (use the homepage of the service).


Soderbergh, S (Dir.) 2004, Oceans twelve, J Weintraub (Prod.), streaming media, Stan, viewed 16 October 2018, <>.

Coffin, P & Balda, K (Dir.) 2015, Minions, C Meledandri & J Healey (Prods.), television broadcast, Channel 9Go, viewed 20 October 2018.

Brooks, M (Dir.) 1974, Blazing saddles, M Hertzberg (Prod.), mobile app, SBS on Demand, viewed 15 June 2018.

Program or series:

Director, AA (Dir.) year released, Title of program (in italics), Executive Producers (Exec. Prods.), format, Name of channel, viewed DD month YYYY (broadcast date or viewed date if streaming) <URL>.


Doctor Who series 1, 2005, Davies, RT, J Gardner & M Young (Exec. Prods.), television program, ABC, viewed 2-6 March 2016.

McCagh, D (Dir.) 2017, One shot: an image and an attitude​, D McCagh & R Todd (Prods.), streaming media, ABC iView, viewed 16 October 2018, <>.

Goguen, M (Dir,) 2013, Scooby Doo and the spooky scarecrow, S Register (Exec. Prod.), mobile app, ABC iView, viewed 7 November 2018.

Episode in series - e.g. television series:

Episode on television:

Director, AA (Dir.) year released, 'Episode', in Title of program (in italics), Executive Producers (Exec. Prods.), format, Name of channel, viewed DD month YYYY (broadcast date or viewed date if streaming), <URL>.


Barker, M (Dir.) 2018, 'Unwoman', in The handmaids tale, B Miller, W Littlefield, R Morano, D Wilson, F Sears & I Chaiken (Exec. Prods.), Television program, SBS on Demand, viewed 18 May 2018, <>.

Episode on DVD:

Director, AA (Dir.) year released, 'Episode', in Title of program (in italics), Executive Producers (Exec. Prods.), format, Studio, viewed date.


Kelljan, B (Dir.) 1977, 'The man who could move the world', in Wonder Woman, DS Cramer (Exec. Prod.), DVD, Warner Home Video, viewed 18 October 2018.

In-text citation:

The emergence of a new character ... (Barker 2018).

Doctor Who series 1 (2005) introduced us to...

Audio - Radio/Podcast


  • Use the format most applicable - e.g. radio program, radio program episode, radio program transcript, audio download, podcast.
  • Audio formats can include traditional radio stations, internet radio or podcast channels.

EndNote Reference Type: 

  • Audiovisual material

Show or series:

Radio show:

Presenter, AA (Pres.) year, Title of program (in italics), Format, Name of channel, DD month YYYY (original transmission) accessed date, <URL>.


Hadley, R (Pres.) 2018, Ray Hadley's morning show, radio program, Radio 2GB, 14 May 2018, accessed 14 May 2018, <>.

Episode in series:

Radio show episode:

Presenter, AA (Pres.) year, 'Title of episode', Title of program (in italics), Producers (Prods.), format, Name of channel, DD month YYYY, (original transmission) accessed date, <URL>.


Scott, K & Moore, R (Pres.) 2018, 'Hello Harry', How green was my cactus, L Wilson (Prod.), Radio program episode, streaming media, 18 October 2018, accessed 18 October 2018, <>.

Williams, R (Pres.) 2018, 'I stress, you stress, how do we stress less?', Ockham's razor, J Bullen (Prod.), Radio program transcript, ABC Radio National, 30 September 2018, accessed 19 October 2018, <>.

In-text citations:

Hadley (2018) mentioned on the morning show ...

In the Hello Harry episode, the Invictus Games...(Scott & Moore, 2018)

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country

Creative Commons Licence
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) 4.0 International License. Content from this Guide should be attributed to James Cook University Library. This does not apply to images, third party material (seek permission from the original owner) or any logos or insignia belonging to JCU or other bodies, which remain All Rights Reserved.