Interactive Rubric for Written Communication: 7.2.7. Other (e.g., Hyphens)

This guide will help you understand common conventions of academic writing and the application of marking rubrics



Definition (formal)

Other forms of punctuation include brackets (i.e., ()), hyphens (i.e., -), exclamation marks (i.e., !), question marks (i.e., ?) and slashes (i.e., /).


For example, the following sentences from an academic essay contain an inappropriate exclamation mark (!) and an appropriate question mark (?). Academic writing rarely includes exclamation marks.

The debate is particularly significant in the context of intelligence as measured by the intelligence quotient (IQ)!  For example, will a teacher who perceives logico-mathematical intelligence as hereditary still spend time and effort trying to nurture a student with low logico-mathematical intelligence?

Resources (textbook)

Refer to the textbook pages and sections to improve your knowledge and understanding of the criterion.

Resources (web)

Click on the links to access online resources to improve your knowledge and understanding of the criterion.

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