Interactive Rubric for Written Communication: 5.6. Referencing

This guide will help you understand common conventions of academic writing and the application of marking rubrics



Definition (formal)

Referencing is a way of acknowledging the sources of your information and ideas. There are some standard styles and formats for referencing in academic writing (e.g., APA or MLA).


For example, the Persuasive Essay Example uses APA style for all citations and references.

Citation Style

This position complements Weinberg’s (1989) claim that ‘genes do not fix behaviour . . . they establish a range of possible reactions to the range of possible experiences that the environment can provide’ (p. 101).

Reference List Style

Bouchard, T. J. (2004). Genetic influence on human psychological traits: A survey. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 148–151.

Resources (textbook)

Refer to the textbook pages and sections to improve your knowledge and understanding of the criterion.

Resources (web)

Click on the link to access an online resource to improve your knowledge and understanding of the criterion.

We acknowledge the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first inhabitants of the nation and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students, live, learn and work.Acknowledgement of Country